How to Identify a Controlling Statute


Various types of statutes can be identified in a legal system. They include permanent, temporary, and mixed statutes. The article discusses how these statutes are arranged in a topical framework and how to identify a statute with a controlling effect.

Temporary statutes

Generally, temporary statutes have no effect after the expiration of their period. However, the duration of a temporary law may be extended by another temporary statute. There are also some exceptions to the rule.

A statute is a formal written enactment of legislative authority. Its primary purpose is to remove outdated matters from the body of law. It can be an addition, omission, or amendment. Depending on the context, a statute can be a legal rule, an editorial revision, or a fiscal regulation.

A statute can be enacted for a limited time or passed to accommodate changing circumstances. However, a permanent law is enacted for an extended period, and its effectiveness can be diminished over time.

A temporary statute is a particular type of law. Its duration and construction are defined, and the effect is usually limited to a specified period. Its impact on the political economy is also considered. A temporary statute has implications for allocating responsibility and power during its lifespan.

Perpetual statutes

Generally, a statute is a written law adopted at the national or state level. The legislative branch of the government passes the rule, and the judicial branch enforces the rule.

Statutes can be temporary or permanent. A temporary regulation has a specific duration and is supposed to expire at a certain date. A permanent law has no expiration date and remains in force indefinitely.

A statute may be divided into different types according to the scope of application. Some of these are penal statutes, declaratory statutes, and tax statutes. The first rule of interpretation is to interpret words in their ordinary meaning. This is the safest rule to follow.

Another rule is to interpret the text according to the grammar and the natural meaning. The statute must be amended if the purpose leads to inconvenience, injustice, or hardship.

Mixed statutes

Attempts to classify statutes like personal and public have failed to yield satisfactory results. But, for the uninitiated, statutory law is a written record of the public’s laws. The text is indexed and categorized into codes. Each code has a two-unit number system – a title number and a section number. The title number relates to the title’s name, and the section number refers to the statute’s location within the code.

The most obvious distinction is between statutes that apply to the general public and those more geared toward specific individuals. In the latter case, there is the odd situation where a personal statute may apply to a group of people not necessarily in the exact geographical location. This has been referred to as mixed legislation.

Organization of existing statutory law in topical arrangements

Organizing existing statutory laws in topical arrangements can be an effective method of making the statutory regulations more accessible and convenient to users. However, several essential principles must be followed to ensure the best possible deal. These include a comprehensive organization, an easy-to-read layout, and a functional grouping of the laws. This approach allows users to access statutory law without searching through an interminable index.

To organize existing statutory law in topical arrangements, the first step is to establish the basic categories of the rules. These include government organization and administration, public regulation, and civil procedure. These categories serve as a framework for the development of topical chapters. Next, the Acts that fall under these categories are arranged within subheads. These subheads are numbered according to the Act’s short title, the Act’s prefix, and the number of sections in the Act.